Assets – Liabilities = Equity
An asset is a resource with economic value that an individual, corporation or country owns or controls with the expectation that it will provide a future benefit.
A liability is defined as a company’s legal financial debts or obligations that arise during the course of business operations.
Futures are financial contracts obligating the buyer to purchase an asset or the seller to sell an asset, such as a physical commodity or a financial instrument, at a predetermined future date and price
Treasuries are a debt obligation of a national government
A security is a fungible, negotiable financial instrument that holds some type of monetary value. It represents an ownership position in a publicly-traded corporation (via stock), a creditor relationship with a governmental body or a corporation (represented by owning that entity’s bond), or rights to ownership as represented by an option.
A bear market is a condition in which securities prices fall and widespread pessimism causes the stock market’s downward spiral to be self-sustaining.